Welcome to Ayuraushadha Learn and Practice Ayurveda for Healthy and Happy Life.

Saturday, July 25, 2020

Brief Introduction of Pañcamāha Bhūta



In the learning of Āyurveda it is important to understand the concept of Pañcamāha Bhūta. All the substance is made up of Pañcamāha Bhūta. Pañcamāha Bhūta is the 5 elements that constitute the universe and body (macrocosmos and microcosmos). The Pañcamāha Bhūta which is present in universe also present in our body. These 5 elements are Ākāśa, Vāyu, Agni, Jala, and Pṛthvī. Pañcamāha Bhūta also called as Pañca Bhūta, but Pañcamāha Bhūta more common used.


Sunday, June 28, 2020

Vibhītakī (Termenalia bellirica): Definition, Indication and Formulation


Vibhītakī is one among triphala. As one among triphala, vibhītakī most commonly used in Ayurveda medicines preparation. Bhīta in Sanskrit term means fear. Vibhīta means lack of fear and Vibhītakī means the fruits that takes away the fear of diseases. Here is the detail of Vibhītakī in table form.


Saturday, June 13, 2020


Friday, June 5, 2020


Thursday, June 4, 2020

Amalaki (Emblica Officinalis): Definition, Properties and Usage



Amalaki is called as Indian gooshberry. It is one of the Triphala, commonly used in the preparation of Ayurveda formulation. It is most used Ayurvedic ingredients. It is both used as food and as medicine. The Amalaki name itself from the word amla which mean sour. Amalaki fruit having sour taste, as the predominant taste. 

Sanskrit name

Amalaki, Amalaka

Botanical name

Emblica officinalis Gaertn.

Family

Phyllanthaceae

Vernacular name

-          English

-          Indonesia

-          Hindi

-          Kannada

-          Malayalam

-          Tamil

-          Bengali

-          Gujarat

-          Punjab

-          Assam

-          Manipuri

-          Marathi

-          Urdu

-          Arab

 

Indian gooshberry

Amla, amloko

Amla, Awla, Anwla, Ambala, Amlika

Nelli, Nellikai

Nelli

Nellikkai, Perunelli, Nellikaae

Aamla, Amla, Aamalaki, Aamro

Aavla, Aamlam, Aamli

Aamla, Ambalo, Ambul

Amlaki, Amla, Amlokhi, Amlok

Heikru

Aouli, Avalkati, Avil, Avla

Aamla, Amal khushk

Amlakhushk

 

Part Used

Fruit pulp

Rasa (taste)

Amla (sour)

Madhura (sweet)

Kaṭu (pungent)

Tikta (bitter)

Kaṣaya (astringent)


Guna (properties)

Laghu (light)

Rukṣa (dry)


Vīrya (Potency)

Śīta (cooling)

Vipāka (metabolic effect)

Madhura (sweet)

Gaṇa (grouping)

Panca Kaṣaya

Triphala

Mustadi gaṇa

Paruṣakadi gaṇa

Amla skandha

Nikumbhadi gaṇa

 

Action

Rasayana (rejuvenating)

Vajikarana (aphrodiasiac)

Cakṣusya (eye tonic)

Vayasthapana (youth preserving)


Usage

 

Raktapitta (bleeding)

Amlapitta (gastritis)

Prameha (diabetes)

Daha (burning sensation)

Netra roga (eye disease)

Kusṭha (skin disease)

Arśa (hemorrhoids)

Rajayakṣma (Phthisis)

Pradara (leukoderma)

Mutra krcchra (dysuria)


Effect to  body

Decrease vāta, pitta, kapha

Chemical content

Vitamin C

Carotene

Nicotinic acid

Myoinositol

Riboflavin

Fatty acids

Phyllembin

Phyllemblic acid

Mucic acid

Embicol

D-mannosyl

D-glucosyl

D-galactosyl residues

Embicol

L-rhamnosyl

D-xylosyl

D-arabinosyl

Pectin

D-fructose

D-glucose

Leucodelphinidin

Procyanidin

3-O-gallated prodelphinidin

Tannin (in bark)

Ellagic acid

Lupeol

Oleanolic aldehyde

O-acetyl oleanolic acid

 

Distribution

India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and other tropical country

Morphology

Size

Leaves

Flowers

Fruits

 

Seeds

Tree Bark

 

Up to 8-18 meters height

Simple, light green, subsessile, resembling pinnate leaves.

Small, greenish-yellow

Round, nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, smooth, shining, presence of vertical stripes.

Trigonous

Brown in colour


Products

Amalaki churna

Triphala churna

Baladya grita

Amalaki avaleha

Etc.


Amalaki is tridoṣahara drug, means it give benefit to all tridoṣa or curing the disease by imbalance of vāta, pitta as well as kapha.



Wednesday, June 3, 2020

Brief Introduction of Ayurveda


Ayurveda is an Indian science of medicine. In samhita of Ayurveda mentioned that:

Ayuhu vedayati iti ayurvedaha.

The meaning is "The science that tells us about Ayu is known as Ayurveda."


What is ayuAyu is life. In samhita of Ayurveda said that Ayu is the combination of body, sense organs, mind and soul. 


The synonym of Ayu are Dhari, Jivitam, Nityagam and Anubandha.

 

The History of Ayurveda

In classic shastra history is called as IthihasaItihasa means it happened or took place. Itihasa tells us about the the details of the past and reals incidents and includes the events of the present.


Ayurveda Itihasa means the history of Ayurveda. History of Ayurveda depends upon the recorded events in history of India. It is believed that the history and development of Ayurveda has taken place from the beginning of the creation. Why? because it is the necessity of the human being to preserve the health. 


Nobody knows exactly when the life existed in the universe and there also many opinion regarding the existence of human in the universe. In teaching of Ayurveda, the history is divided into:

Vedic Period

Samhita Period

Modern Period


Vedic Periode

The content of vedas mainly consists of ritual works but also mentions the matter which is related to the preventive and curative aspects of medicines. Veda generally classified into two types such as Sruti and Smriti. Sruti means heard. Smriti means recollection. The term veda literally means knowledge. There are four vedas such as Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda.


Each one of these four vedas is divided into Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads. The Brahmanas and Samhitas are designated as Karma Kanda which is the portion dealing with rituals. Upanishads designated as Jnana Kanda which is the portion dealing with supreme knowledge. 


Every veda has an Upaveda such as:

Dhanurveda (archery) is an Upaveda of Rigveda..

Gandharvaveda (Music) is an Upaveda of Yajurveda.

Stapatyaveda (Architecture) is an Upaveda of Samaveda.

Ayurveda (Science of life) is an Upaveda of Atharvaveda.


Ayurveda also regarded as the Upaveda of Rigveda. Event Ayurveda is known as the fifth veda, as mentioned by Sage Kashyapa. Shankara in his work regarded Ayurveda as the upaveda of Rigveda.


There are so many references regarding Ayurveda found in the vedas, such as about the tridhatu (in Rigveda 1.7.46), which is according the commentator of veda—Sayanacharya interpreted tridhatu as vāta, pitta, and kapha.


Anatomical terms also mentioned in veda such as:

Antra (intestines)

Dhamani (artery)

Nadi (nerve)

Hṛdaya (heart)

Yakṛt (liver)

Plīha (spleen)

Kaphodau (lungs)

Kukṣi (stomach)

Kloma (pancreas)

Mastiṣka (brain)

Manya (neck)

Basti (bladder)

Gaveni (ureters)

Vṛṣana (testes)

Guda (anus)


Those are some example about the anatomical term that mentioned in veda.


In Chandyogya Brahmana of Samaveda references about the process of metabolism are available. Also mentioned about the kṛmi  (worm), yuktivyapasraya (treatment of diseases based on yukti), and soma (plant that praised as the king of plant).


In veda also found some references regarding diseases includes their causative factors. Mentioned also about the blood circulation, toxicology, surgical references, rasāyana and vajīkarana, obstetrics and gynecology, and also about the ṣaḍvṛtta (good conduct).


In Brahmana Granthas mentioned several herbs such as Āmba, Ādhar, Adyanda, Akṣa, Amra, Anjana, Apamarga, Arjuna, Arka, Asmagandha, Askeni, Asvattha, Atasi, Avaka, etc other herbs.

 

In Aranyakas mentioned about the importance of Sūrya Namskara in maintenance of health, which is found in Taitriya Aranyaka. In Shankhayana Aranyaka found that “All divine personalities are inherent in the Puruṣa, just as Agni in speech, Vāyu in Prāna, the sun in the eyes, the moon in the mind, the direction in the ears and water in potency.”

 

In Upaniśad mentioned about the method of Kundalini awakening, Prānayama, Manduka yoga, Prāna vāta, and several herbs such as Aggaru, Aksha, Amalaka, Amra, Anu, Arjuna, Arka, Askhini, Atasi, Kola, Maharajan, Munja, Palasa, .etc other herbs.

 

In Vedanga found that the dream interpretation same as in Ayurveda.

 

In Smṛti found about the hygienic rules, classification of plants as Auṣadhi, Vanaspti, Vṛkṣa, and Valli which is found in Manusmṛti. The preventive measures that mentioned in Viśnusmṛti found in Aṣṭāṇga Saṇgraha. In Yajnavalkyasmṛti mentioned about the number of bones, layer of skin, vein, artery, muscle .etc body part.

 

The existence of Ayurveda also can be traced in the historical treatises like Mahabharata and Ramayana. It is also traced from the travelers from Tibet, China, Arabia, Greece, etc. which visited India from time to time.

 

Some of the traveler such as Herodotus from Greek, Yuan Chang, Fahian, and Itsing from China, Lama Taranath from Tibet and Al-Baruni from Arab.